There are several things that would be better if you understand before actually going to go kayaking. If you are able to, at least, have a sufficient knowledge about them, the safety the kayaking activity of yours will be able to be guaranteed. Although there have been several types of kayaks which can be good to help maintain your safety such as an Killer Kayak, you can just rely your safety to your equipment as it actually depends on the most on your own skills.
One of the things which are really important for you to know in order to maintain your safety when kayaking on the river is the current of the river. Thus, it is, indeed, important for you to understand them before going kayaking. You need to remember that you should not wade through the stream that exceeds your abilities and kayaks that you use. Flows are not you understand is not the place to test your skills, it is also not a good place to get praise. Every river has rapids and current challenges and level of danger are different. Even the experienced kayaker needs adjustments to the current of the river before deciding to try it.
If you are not familiar with the river, a scouting or observation is the wisest thing you should do. You can pull over in a quiet place, and do an in-depth observation of the spot that looks dangerous. Then, you can decide on the safest path to go through and discuss with your traveling companion. Think of some of the possibilities if an emergency occurs. If you use a kayak or skill you are not allowed to wade, portaging is the safest option. Lift up your kayak and walk along the river bank to avoid ‘danger spots’ and start kayaking again outside the hazardous area.